Descendants of Capt. Richard Sutton , shipmaster

Second Generation

2. Lucy Ann Sutton [image] (Richard ) was born in 1804 in Portland, Maine, USA. She died 1, 2 on 4 Dec 1888 in Buenos Aires, Argentina, of "an organic failure of the heart," Æ 84. She was buried on 6 Dec 1888 in 2do. Cementerio de Disidentes, Buenos Aires, Argentina. Her remains were removed to the British Cemetery on 12 May 1893.

1804-1823, Portland, Maine
1823-1827, Portsmouth, New Hampshire
1828-1888, Buenos Aires, Argentina

Bradley, Mrs., Lodging-house, Mayo 136 (or 168)
[M.G. & E.T. Mulhall, The River Plate Handbook for 1863]

Oct 1887, Article published on "The New York Observer", signed "Vieja"
[Hawthorne, Manning, "A Glimpse of Hawthorne's Boyhood," The Essex Institute, Historical Collections, Vol. LXXXIII, Salem, Mass., 1947, 178-184]

A year before her death, in October 1887, she published an article in The New York Observer with reminiscences of her childhood days with Nathaniel Hawthorne, using the pseudonym “Vieja.” In 1892 the 2nd Cemetery of Dissidents was closed, and is now a plaza in downtown Buenos Aires; most remains and gravestones were then transferred to the American sector of the British Cemetery in Chacarita, Buenos Aires. Thomas and Lucy’s gravestone was placed as a memorial on the cemetery’s wall on 13 May 1893. There is no record of the remains of either Thomas or Lucy being transferred

Lucy married 1, 2, 3, 4, 5 Thomas Osgood Bradley , dry goods merchant [image] son of Joseph Bradley , farmer and Mary "Polly" Osgood on 26 Jul 1827 in Portsmouth, New Hampshire, USA. They were married on 3 Aug 1827 in Boston, Massachusetts, USA. Thomas was born 6, 7, 8 on 12 Aug 1798 in Haverhill, Massachusetts, USA. He died 9 on 26 Apr 1859 in Buenos Aires, Argentina, of "compression of the brain," Æ 63. He was buried 10 in 2do. Cementerio de Disidentes. Gravestone removed to British Cemetery on 12 May 1893.

1798-1802, North Andover, Massachusetts
1814-1818, Haverhill, Massachusetts
1820-1827, Portland, Maine
1829-1959, Buenos Aires, Argentina

1814, Graduated from Bradford Academy, Bradford, Massachusetts
1816, Haverhill Light Infantry, Haverhill, Massachusetts

1823, Bradley (Thomas O.) & Dow (John) English Goods, Nº 6, Mussey's Row, Middle St.
[Portland City Directory, 1823]

1827, Bradley, T. O. (and Dow) Dry Goods, Nº 6 Mussey's Row, Middle at Patten's Hotel
[Portland City Directory, 1827]

Oct 1829, Arrives in Buenos Aires on the "Jon"

1829-1859, merchant, innkeeper
[Almanaque Comercial y Guía de Forasteros para el Estado de Buenos Aires, (Buenos Aires), 1855, Inns and Hotels. Thomas Bradley, Calle Tucumán 26 (bet. 25 de Mayo and Reconquista)]

1853 - Member, Methodist Church, Buenos Aires
[Cementerio Británico, Libro 4 de Defunciones, Fo. 43]

His father died in 1802 and, though at one time a prosperous farmer, the difficult times since the Revolution had left the estate insolvent. His mother was then left in a precarious situation: orphaned and widowed in the space of four years with seven children under the age of 10. There is no doubt that she received ample support from her late husband’s twin brother Jonathan and her mother-in-law Mehitable (Emerson) Bradley; for, in spite of the doubtless pressing economic circumstances, Thomas graduated from Bradford Academy in 1814 and went on to join the Haverhill Light Infantry from 1816 to 1818. By 1821 he had established a business in Portland, ME, where, in association with John Dow run the merchant firm of Bradley & Dow, located at Murphy’s Row, 6 India Street, dedicated to the trade in “English Goods” and, later, in “Dry Goods.” The selection of Portland was no doubt related to the presence there of his first cousin Charles, the son of Jonathan and Sally (Ayer) Bradley, also a noted merchant in dry goods. It is here that he probably met Lucy Ann Sutton, the eldest daughter of Captain Richard and Lucy (Lord) Sutton, whom he would marry on 26 June 1827 in Portsmouth, NH. This is also the last year that “Bradley & Dow” is mentioned on the Portland City Directories. Soon after their marriage, Thomas and Lucy joined Captain Sutton and his family and removed to Buenos Aires, Argentina were they were to remain the rest of their lives. Richard Sutton and Thomas Osgood Bradley are listed as passengers on the “Jon,” arriving in Buenos Aires in October of 1829. By 1846, Thomas had established an Inn on Tucumán Street, near the Port of Buenos Aires, and a wool brokerage business that would eventually be managed by his son Richard.

They had the following children:

  10 F i Mancilla B. Bradley [image] was born in 1829 in Buenos Aires, Argentina. She died in (prob.) San Francisco, California, but certainly in the US.

There is a medal given to Mansilla B. Bradley by Mrs. Hynes, who then run a school for girls two blocks away from the Bradley home. The medal reads: "1829. Mancilla B. Bradley. 6 years. Presented by Mrs. Hynes."

There is also a picture dated 25 August 1892, showing a baby of approximately 1½ years of age. The photo was taken in San Francisco, and the name of the child is Lucia Mansilla Muntzner. It is possible that she be a grandchild of Mansilla Bradley. According to the age inscribed on the picture, Lucia was born in November of 1880.
  11 M ii unknown son was born 1 on 17 Dec 1832 in Buenos Aires, Argentina.
  12 M iii Walter Scott Bradley , photographer was born in 1834 in Buenos Aires, Argentina. He was christened 1 on 26 Nov 1859 in Buenos Aires, Argentina. He died after 1868.

13 Apr 1859, attends a meeting of the lodge Fraternidad & Beneficencia, Nº10, San Nicolás, Buenos Aires, Argentina, in company of the Italian hero Giuseppe Garibaldi.

By 10 Jun 1868, he was in Río Grande, RGS, Brazil (See baptismal record of Julio Walter Peyredieu. Æ 33).
  13 F iv Louisa Elizabeth Bradley was born in Jan 1835 in Buenos Aires, Argentina. She died 1 on 15 Mar 1836 in Buenos Aires, Argentina, Æ 15 months. She was buried in Victoria Cem., Buenos Aires, Argentina.
+ 14 M v Ricardo S. Bradley , wool broker
  15 F vi Catalina A. Bradley [image] was born 1 in 1838 in Buenos Aires, Argentina. She died on 23 Aug 1911 in Buenos Aires, Argentina. She was buried in British Cemetery, Chacarita, Buenos Aires, Argentina..

14 February 1866, Catalina and Emily Bradley, together with Nat Funston and Stephen Ryder, witness the marriage of Arthur Woodforde Lockyer of Cambridge and and Ada Playfair of London in St. John's Church (Anglican) in Buenos Aires. The ceremony was performed by Rev. J. Chubb Ford.
+ 16 F vii Elizabeth Livingston Bradley
  17 F viii Emily Bradley [image] was born on 18 Jun 1842 in Buenos Aires, Argentina. She died 1, 2 on 29 Nov 1883 in Buenos Aires, Argentina, of "consumption," unmarried, Æ 41. She was buried 3 on 30 Nov 1883 in British Cemetery, Chacarita, Buenos Aires, Argentina..
+ 18 M ix Lt. Col. Tomás Bradley , photographer

3. Elizabeth Sutton (Richard ) was born in 1805 in Portland, Maine, USA. She died 1 on 25 Nov 1895.

Elizabeth married 1, 2, 3 Rev. William Torrey son of Maj. Jason Torrey and Lois Welch on 14 Apr 1834 in Buenos Aires, Argentina, by Rev, John Armstrong. William was born 4 on 18 Sep 1798 in Mt. Pleasant, Westmoreland Co., Pennsylvania, USA. He died 5, 6 on 1 Jul 1858 in Ralls Co., Missouri, USA, in his farm.

"William Torrey (1823-26) b. Mount Pleasant, Pa. Sept. 18, 1798.; Ham. 1823; ord. (Presb.) Oct. 25, 1826; miss'y Buenos Ayres, South America 1826-27; p. Sparta, N.J. 1839-46; Woodstock, Va. 1846-54; Ralls Co. Mo. from 1854; d. July 1, 1858."
[General Catalogue of the Theological Seminary, Andover, Massachusetts, 1808-1908, 92]

They had the following children:

+ 19 F i Maria Isabel Torrey
+ 20 F ii Lucy Sutton Torrey
+ 21 F iii Emeline Davidson Torrey
  22 M iv Jason Torrey was born about 1842 in Sparta, Sussex Co., New Jersey, USA.
+ 23 M v William Torrey , Jr.
  24 M vi David Torrey was born on 10 Sep 1847 in Sparta, Sussex Co., New Jersey, USA. He died in 1864.

5. Richard Sutton , Jr. , merchant (Richard ) was born 1 in 1807 in Portland, Maine, USA. He died 2 on 21 Jan 1862 in Ranchos, Buenos Aires, Argentina, of "compression of the brain," Æ 54.

3 Apr 1827
Arrived in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania from Montevideo on the "William Wallace", age 20
[Balto-Boston-Phila Passenger Lists]

"Richard Sutton, 'the American,' had a dry goods store and a hotel in Chascomús (Buenos Aires) in 1850, on the road to the 'estancia" of Mr. Hammatt in San Vicente."
[Murray, Thomas; "The story of the Irish in Argentina," New York, 1919]

This hotel was owned in 1869 by a Mr. Randle, and was then known as "Sutton's Hotel," it was said to
have comfortable accomodations.
[Mulhall, E.T.; "Handbook of the River Plate," London, Buenos Aires, 1869, pp. 1875-76, 1885, 1892]

Founding member of Dios y Libertad Lodge No. 15, F&AM, he was elected Secretary (Guardasellos) in
[Grand Lodge of Argentina]

Letter from Richard Sutton, Jr. to his father-in-law, Gen. Lucion N. Mansilla:

"¡Viva la Confederación Argentina!
¡Mueran los salvages unitarios!
Buenos Aires, Diciembre 4 de 1845
Mi querido padre: Con un placer que no puedo explicar, y al mismo tiempo con orgullo, he sabido de
la gloriosa defensa que ha hecho V. contra la Inglaterra y la Francia; he sentido bastante el no saber
que estaba V. herido, pero al momento supe que no era de peligro y una enfermedad de mi padre me
detiene acá por ahora, fue atacado por una apoplejía y ha quedado inútil una pierna y un brazo.
Estando en la estancia supimos que había habido una acción y que V. había llegado a la ciudad, herido; por ese motivo le escribí a Emilia del modo que le escribí. Vine yo a la ciudad y encontré que no era cierto, ya sabe ella, porque mandé una carta antes de ayer con la Gaceta. Todos, en la estancia, quedaron buenos. En el campo y en la ciudad no se conversa más que de la resistencia que ha hecho V. No saben cómo ponderar su valor y talento militar, entre todos, los mismos ingleses que conozco que son enemigos del Gobierno se unen con los otros en elogiarlo. Mi querido padre, sé que sus atenciones son muchas; no puedo escribir cosa que no sabrá por otra mano en mejor lenguaje, y así no seré muy largo.
Al señor Garmendia muchas expresiones, y felicitaciones por su honorable herida, a Samuel y Pepita, memorias de todos los conocidos, recuerdos de mi parte. Si V. tiene un momento desocupado, y puede mandarme una carta para el señor Juez de Paz de San Vicente, pues el que estaba ha salido, recomendándome y avisándole que el almacén es de V., me hará un gran favor. Deseando verlo a V. después de lo que ha sucedido, más que nunca queda su afmo. hijo y amigo.
Ricardo Sutton (hijo).

P.D. -D. Guillermo e Isabelita Livingston mandan a V. muchas expresiones y están muy contentos con
que V. ha salido tan bien de sus peligros."

[Mansilla, Lucio V., Entre-nos/1889. Causeries de los Jueves, Libro I, Primera Edición, Buenos Aires,
Casa Editora Juan A. Alsina, 1889, "Por qué...?"

"Long live the Argentine Confederation!
Death to the savage Unitarians!
Buenos Aires, 04 December 1845
My Dear Father,
With a pleasure I cannot put to words, and at the same time with pride, I have known of the glorious
defense that you have made against England and France; I was taken aback for not knowing that you
were wounded, but instantly learned that it was not serious and my father's [Richard Sutton's] illness
has kept me here. He was attacked by apoplexy, rendering one arm and one leg paralyzed.
In the Estancia we learned that there had been a battle and that you had returned, wounded, to the city;
that is the reason for writing to Emilia in the fashion I did. I then came to town and found that it was not
correct, she already knows, for I sent her another letter the day before yesterday with the Gaceta.
Everyone in the Estancia was satisfied. In the country and in town nobody talks but of the resistance
you've made. They know not how to further sing the praises of your courage and military talent, all,
even the Englishmen I know who are enemies of the Government unite with the others in your praise.
My dear father, I know your kindnesses are many, I can't write anything you will not learn from another
hand in better style, so I'll be brief.
To Mr. Garmendia many congratulations and felicitations for his honorable wound, to Samuel and
Pepita [Samuel Tebbetts and Josefa Mansilla], remembrances from all who know them and my best.
If you should find a moment, and can send me a letter to the Justice of the Peace in San Vicente, for
the old one has gone, recommending me to him and letting him know that the General Store is yours,
you'll do me a great favor.
Hoping to see you after what has happened, more than ever I remain your very affectionate son and
Ricardo Sutton (son)
P.S.: Don Guillermo and Isabelita Livingston [William T. Livingston and Elizabeth Sutton Lord] send you their many regards and are elated that you have come out so well from danger."

A document was auctioned in Nevada by Holabird Associates on 17 May 2002 as follows:
"Richard Sutton, Jr., licenced (sic) ship broker, Buenos Aires" contracting with T. M. Zechow, master of
the Schooner Rapide to "receive on board from the Lighters alongside, and within reach of the brig's
tackles, all and such cargo as the charterers may choose to put in" for shipment to the port of San
Francisco. Messers Zimmerman, Frazier and Co. were to load the vessel and make a payment of "Four Thousand Hard Silver Dollars" for the freight to Captain Zechow. A provision was included in the
contract for an advance payment of 500 "hard silver dollars" to the captain should he need funds in this
port. The schooner was registered in Sweden and operated a shipping route between Buenos Aires and San Francisco. Neither Zechow nor the Rapide are listed in Howe and Mathew's, 1986, American
Clipper Ships, 1833 to 1858. 10-1/2 x 16-1/2. Folds, 2" x 4" piece torn from bottom center of document.
(Holabird Associates, 3555 Airway Dr., #308, Reno, NV 89511, Western Americana Auction # 9, item

Richard married 1 (1) Mauricia Mansilla daughter of Gral. Lucio Norberto Mancilla and Polonia Durante on 13 Mar 1828 in Buenos Aires, Argentina. Mauricia was born about 1810 in Buenos Aires, Argentina. She died about 1836 in Buenos Aires, Argentina.

"I have just said that my father was a grandfather when I was born. Indeed, he had been married to
Polonia Duarte. With her he had three children, two daughters and a son: Juan, the youngest; Mauricia, the eldest; and Pepa, the middle one. When he married for a second time, all were older than my mother. Mauricia was married to Ricardo Sutton, North American, excellent person; a relative of Don Tomás Livingston…a very respectable man, father of those two Livingston's that have had certain notoriety in our social circles…I went to Don Tomás' house with frequency. They made some pancakes with molasses. Delicious. I would lick my fingers.
Don Tomás' wife was very agreeable, white, pale, blond. And his mother-in-law, Ricardo's mother,
always with a white mop-cap and glasses with a gold frame. She had a very respectable air.
I had a lot of fun in the barracks watching, since I could not ride it, the pony of the two boys (Tomás and
Frank if I remember well), and the wool presses…
Mauricia and Ricardo left four children. Lucio, I don't know what happened to him. After the fall of Rosas I think he became and "Estanciero" in the South…
Ricardo Sutton, Jr., was a physician. He studied in the United States and did the campaign in Paraguay, leaving a good name.
Agustina Sutton married a US merchant marine Captain and both died young. She was very beautiful
and of good temperament.
Emily, the eldest, married a doctor, medical surgeon and dentist; Tucksbury, who was on his way through Buenos Aires. Emily was a woman of much merit. Tucksbury had his moment in fashion. He and Diego de Alvear were the first to use chloroform. Diego had just arrived from Washington and his name, good looks and elegance made him the center of attention.
California swallowed Emilia and her husband. I don't know what became of them. Emilia came twice to Buenos Aires to visit her parents. She visited my mother with whom she always corresponded and
exchanged photographs. She enjoyed (and it was not too frequent) much prestige among the
descendants of my father's first marriage. True, it was not possible to ignore her good character and an
enviable capacity to please naturally, which came from a disinterested desire to make people feel at
ease, young and old; rich and poor alike. So she never said anything of a disagreeable nature, and age all but accentuated this trait.
[Lucio V. Mansilla, Mis Memorias, 78]

They had the following children:

+ 25 M i Lucio Sutton , estanciero
+ 26 F ii Emily Anna Sutton
  27 M iii Livia Sutton was born about 1831. He died 1 on 12 Sep 1835 in Buenos Aires, Argentina, of "myocarditis," Æ 3 years. He was buried in 2do. Cementerio de Disidentes, Buenos Aires, Argentina, lot 6B129/130. Her remains were later removed to 6F140.
  28 F iv Agustina Sutton was born about 1832.
        Agustina married a US merchant Captain about 1852.
+ 29 M v Dr. Richard F. Q. Sutton , MD

Richard married (2) (perhaps) Beatriz Emilia Crawley after 1836 in Ranchos, Buenos Aires, Argentina.

They had the following children:

  30 F vi Emycira Sutton was born in Mar 1838 in Buenos Aires, Argentina. She died 1 on 25 May 1839 in Buenos Aires, Argentina, of teething, Æ 14 m.

6. David S. Sutton (Richard ) was born about 1809 in Portland, Maine, USA.

Relationship to father is uncertain and based solely on number of minors in census of 1820 and lack of other Suttons in Portland records. Must confirm.

David married Mary C..

They had the following children:

  31 F i Mary C. Sutton was born 1 on 1 Sep 1829 in Portland, Maine, USA.
  32 M ii David S. Sutton , Jr. was born 1 on 23 Sep 1840 in Portland, Maine, USA.

7. Elizabeth Sutton Lord (Richard ) was born 1 on 22 Dec 1811 in Ipswich, Massachusetts, USA. She died 2 on 30 Aug 1853 in Buenos Aires, Argentina.

Elizabeth married (1) John Evans about 1831 in Buenos Aires, Argentina. John was born in 1808 in England. He died 1 on 26 Feb 1833 in Buenos Aires, Argentina.

Elizabeth married (2) William Townsend Livingston , wool broker son of Alfred Livingston and Eliza Elliott Moore about 1837. William was born in 1811 in Throgs Neck, Nassau Co., New York, USA. He died 1 on 29 Aug 1883 in Buenos Aires, Argentina.

Livingston, William J., barraquero, Committee member of the Stranger's Club, Victoria 374
[M.G. & E.T. Mulhall, The River Plate Handbook for 1863]

William J. Livingston, 72 years of age on 29 August 1883.
[American Church, Rev. Goodfellow's notes]

They had the following children:

+ 33 M i Francis Sutton (Frank) Livingston
  34 F ii Louisa Adelaide Livingston was born 1 on 7 Jul 1840 in Buenos Aires, Argentina. She died 2 on 28 Sep 1897 in Hospital Nacional de Alienados, Buenos Aires, Argentina, Æ 57, of heart failure, s.p.. She was buried 3 in Chacarita Cem., Buenos Aires, Argentina.
        Louisa married Edward Glover , Merchant on 5 Nov 1862 in Buenos Aires, Argentina. Edward was born in 1835.

Glover, E., Merchant, Florida 19
[M.G. & E.T. Mulhall, The River Plate Handbook for 1863]
+ 35 M iii Thomas Moore Livingston
  36 F iv Emma Livingston was born on 16 Aug 1844 in Buenos Aires, Argentina. She was christened 1 on 18 Sep 1845 in Buenos Aires, Argentina. She died before 1867.
        Emma married 1 George Thomas Bate on 4 May 1861 in Buenos Aires, Argentina. George was born about 1834 in (from) USA. He died in Sep 1882 in Lómaz de Zamora, Buenos Aires, Argentina, Æ 48.
  37 F v Elizabeth Livingston was born on 14 Aug 1847 in Buenos Aires, Argentina. She died before 1848.
+ 38 F vi Elizabeth Moore Livingston
+ 39 M vii William Lord Livingston , cattle farmer

8. Jeremiah Lord , housewright (Richard ) was born 1 on 22 Dec 1811 in Ipswich, Massachusetts, USA.

Jeremiah married Elizabeth S. Harris on 10 Jun 1841 in Ipswich, Massachusetts, USA. Elizabeth was born about 1815.

They had the following children:

  40 F i Caroline Augusta Lord was born 1 on 18 Jul 1842 in Ipswich, Massachusetts, USA.
  41 M ii Henry Lord was born 1 on 31 Dec 1844 in Ipswich, Massachusetts, USA.
  42 F iii Lydia Ann Lord was born 1 on 26 Jan 1849 in Ipswich, Massachusetts, USA.

9. Dr. Richard Sutton Rust , A.M., D.D., LL.D. [image] (Richard ) was born 1 on 12 Sep 1815 in Ipswich, Massachusetts, USA, unmarried. He died after 1883.

He was born in Ipswich, Mass., Sept. 12, 1815. His mother, from whom he inherited many of his traits of character, was a woman of deep piety and superior attainments, the daughter of Richard Sutton, distinguished among his townsmen for integrity, independence and intelligence. He was left an orphan, his father dying when he was eight years old and his mother when he was ten, leaving him no patrimony but a parentage spotless and revered. One of his uncles gave him a year's schooling, where he first formed a taste for study which never forsook him. Another uncle gave him a home till he was fourteen, during which time he was compelled to work hard upon a farm, with only three month's schooling each winter. He was then apprenticed to learn a cabinet-maker's trade, and at the end of three years, yearning for school and more congenial pursuits, purchased his contract so he could attend school.

"Richard S. Rust, a minister with a mission
In 1866, only a year after the cannons of the Civil War had been silenced, a small group of dedicated Methodist missionaries traveled from Cincinnati to Holly Springs, Miss. Their goal was to educate former slaves and their children. Members of the Freedmen's Aid Society of the Methodist Episcopal Church, they started a school in Asbury Methodist Episcopal Church in Holly Springs.
The new little school accepted adults as well as children for instruction in elementary subjects. In 1867, it moved from the church to its present-day campus, and in 1870 was chartered by the state of Mississippi. Twelve years later, the college was named in honor of the Rev. Richard S. Rust of the Freedmen's Aid Society.
Located in Holly Springs, a town with a population of 7,261, Rust College is now an accredited four-year, co-educational liberal arts college, the oldest of 11 historically black United Methodist-related colleges and universities.
Rust was the founder of the Freedmen's Aid Society and its sole administrator during the organization's early years. He selected the sites and secured the lands for a number of African-American colleges and seminaries in the South. He and his fellow Methodist missionaries put their lives in danger by teaching former slaves how to read and write.
But just what do we know about this Methodist minister for whom Rust College is named?
Research indicates three major interests in Richard Rust's life: education, helping African Americans and preaching. Born in 1815 in Ipswich, Mass., he was a descendant of English settlers who had come to the Massachusetts Bay Colony in 1635. At age 9, he was orphaned and went to live on an uncle's farm. After a few years, he left the farm to take an apprenticeship in cabinetmaking. In those days, apprenticeships were generally for seven years, and any unused portion could be bought from the master craftsman if desired. Eager for an education, young Richard saved his earnings and purchased the unused portion of his contract so he could attend school.
He enrolled in Phillips Academy, a non-denominational school in Andover, Mass. His active interest in anti-slavery can be traced to his academy days. It was there he attended a lecture given by George Thompson, an anti-slavery leader from England. In 1834, Thompson conducted a lecture tour in the northern states, where he is credited with the formation of more than 150 anti-slavery societies. Following Thompson's visit to Andover, Rust took part in forming an anti-slavery group on campus. The students' activities so upset the faculty that a call was issued for the group to disband. Refusing to do so, Rust and two other students were expelled in 1834.
Rust then journeyed to Canaan, N.H., to enroll in Noyes Academy, a new school open to African Americans as well as white students. Local abolitionists, who sponsored the school, believed all youth should be educated with no regard to race. But there was growing fear among many Canaan residents that the presence of African Americans would lead to interracial dating and that African huts would soon be built along the main street of the community.
Although the school did open, opposition grew. In August 1835, a committee of local citizens, encouraged by outside agitators, closed the school. With a large number of oxen, an angry mob pulled the school building off its foundation and carried it down to the town common. The building was then burned. Rust and the other students were fortunate to have escaped with their lives.
Still determined to receive an education at an institution sympathetic to his anti-slavery views, he went south along the Connecticut River to Wilbraham, Mass., to enroll in Wesleyan Academy. The school, operated by the New England Conference of the Methodist Episcopal Church, was home to a number of faculty and students opposed to slavery. Some years later, the campus became a station on the Underground Railroad for fugitive slaves on their way to Canada. At the academy, Rust became an active Methodist.
Upon completing his studies at the academy, he traveled south to Middletown, Conn., to enroll in Wesleyan University, the first Methodist institution of higher education to begin classroom work. While a student, Rust earned money giving anti-slavery lectures. And in his junior year, he compiled a book entitled "Freedom's Gift or Sentiments of the Free," which contained verse and prose by William Lloyd Garrison and other anti-slavery writers.
The book also included a lecture by Rust to a Connecticut anti-slavery group, which he urged, "When the history of the anti-slavery reform is written, I ardently desire that there may be, as in the New Testament, a large book of Acts. Let the abolitionists of Connecticut see to it that they are well represented there."
After graduation in 1841, he obtained a trial ordination in the New England Conference of the Methodist Episcopal Church and served Massachusetts pastorates in Springfield and Worcester. During this time, he gained a reputation as a powerful preacher. He also founded and edited an annual publication, "The American Pulpit," which published sermons by Christian ministers.
Drawn by his love of education, Rust moved in 1846 to Northfield, N.H., to become principal of the New Hampshire Conference Seminary of the Methodist Episcopal Church. (Known today as Tilton School, the seminary moved in 1864 from Northfield across the Winnepesaukee River to the town of Tilton.) According to school records, Rust was remembered by alumni as having seen to it that all his students became abolitionists.
While serving as principal of the seminary, he was appointed by the state of New Hampshire as commissioner of common schools. In 1847, he was credited with the passage of a state law requiring all towns to pay the tuition of students who had to attend school in another community in order to receive an education.
Also at this time, Rust met a young woman who was destined to become one of the most famous women of the day. She was Mary Baker Glover, who became Mary Baker Eddy, the founder of the Church of Christ, Scientist. She was living with her family in nearby Sanbornton Bridge. Her husband had died in North Carolina, and she had returned to her parent's home without financial resources.
Soon after Rust, his wife and two sons moved to the area, they became friends of the Baker family. Mary's father, Mark Baker, was a staunch Congregationalist. Although he and Rust differed greatly on religious principles, Baker extended the hand of Christian fellowship to the new principal and his family.
Rust asked Mary Glover to substitute for one of his teachers. He was so pleased with her teaching abilities that he encouraged her to start a school for infants, an early version of today's pre-schools. Rust complimented her for "the high moral and religious instruction" that she gave his son, Richard, who attended the little school. That son later followed in his father's footsteps as a minister and a leader in the Methodist Episcopal Church.
Years later, in 1875, Eddy sent Rust a copy of her newly published book, "Science and Health" that explained the teachings of Christian Science. She received a friendly reply from Rust. She also met with him in 1902 at her home, Pleasant View, in Concord, N.H. The meeting was warm and friendly, ending with them singing together a number of old gospel hymns, including "He Leadeth Me" and "I Love to Tell the Story."
During this time, he became friends with a Christian Scientist in Cincinnati, Mrs. Rachel Marshall, who recalled what he said about the meeting with Eddy: "She was so dignified, yet so gracious. She seated herself beside me and I saw it was the same dear Mary whom I had known in former years. I tried to impress the thought that having so much influence in the world, she ought in some way to state definitely in her writings that she was still clinging to the good old faith of her forefathers and the Bible. And she answered me in the kindest tones, 'Why, that is exactly what I am doing!' I feel so lifted up since I saw her and rejoiced in the comfort we were receiving through Christian Science."
As a Methodist, Rust most likely felt comfortable with Eddy's interest in spiritual healing, given John Wesley's frequent mention in his writings of the spiritual roots of sickness.
After Rust completed his term as principal of the seminary, he returned to the pastoral ministry serving churches in New Hampshire and northern Massachusetts. But his concern for African Americans eventually won out over his preaching assignments.
He asked to be transferred to the Church’s Cincinnati Conference in1858 and soon played a major role in founding Wilberforce University, an institution whose purpose was to educate former slaves. The university, named after the 18th century English statesman and abolitionist William Wilberforce, was jointly sponsored by the Methodist Episcopal Church and African Methodist Episcopal (A.M.E.) Church. Before becoming its first president, Rust served as chairman of the new university's board of trustees.
In what was to become his approach of inclusiveness as he helped former slaves and their children, Rust worked closely with African-American leaders including Bishop Daniel A. Payne of the A.M.E. Church and Ashland Keith of the Negro Baptist denomination. Rust stepped down as president in 1863 when the A.M.E. Church bought the university. Wilberforce continues today as the nation's oldest private African-American university. It is also interesting to note that Rust's two sons attended the school from 1859 to 1860.
Rust devoted his life to helping former slaves in the South. In establishing Rust College, he worked closely with the African-American minister there, the Rev. Moses Adams. And believing that schoolteachers should evangelize as well as educate, he took a leadership role in establishing as many as 14 colleges for teachers throughout the South. In 1882, it was estimated that three-quarters of a million African-American children had been or were being taught by teachers sent out by these schools.
[W. Michael Born, UMNS, *Born, a researcher with the Mary Baker Eddy Collections and Library of The First Church of Christ, Scientist in Boston, has had a long communications career in higher education as well as for the church. He is also a former reporter with The Christian Science Monitor. This feature article resulted from some of his research on Mary Baker Eddy's contact with Christian ministers]

Rust College 150 East Rust Avenue, Holly Springs, Missouri, USA
"Established in 1866 at the site where General Grant’s troops camped during the civil war, Rust College went from ringing bells for field work to ringing bells for school work. The Freedman’s Aid Society of the Methodist Episcopal Church allowed missionary founders from the North to open a school in Asbury Methodist Episcopal Church, where Moses Adams, a local Negro preacher, was pastor. The school accepted adults of all ages, as well as children, for instruction in elementary subjects. A year later, the first building on the present campus was erected.
In 1870, the school was chartered as Shaw University, honoring the Reverend S.O. Shaw, who made a gift of $10,000 to the new institution. In 1882, the name was changed to Rust University. The name is a tribute to Richard S. Rust of Cincinnati, Ohio, Secretary of the Freedman’s Aid Society. In 1915, the title was changed to Rust College to better represent the size of the school.
Rust College and Holly Springs became the birthplace of the Civil Rights Movement in the area in the 1960’s. Students from the Rust campus joined with students from the north to make up the core group of those active in the movement in northeast Mississippi. Price Library, on the Rust College Campus, houses a unique collection of videotaped and text interviews from some of these local citizens who were active in the area’s Civil Rights efforts. Rust College is an accredited four-year co-educational, liberal arts college and is the second oldest private college in Mississippi and the oldest historically black college in the state.

Wilberforce University
"1856, August 30 Wilberforce University was incorporated. Richard S. Rust chaired the board of 24 trustees, which included AME Bishop Daniel A. Payne, Ohio Governor Salmon P. Chase, and Ashland Keith of the Negro Baptist denomination. The broad principle that there should never be any discrimination among trustees, faculties, or students, on account of race or creed, was established. (Source: Wilberforce Bulletin 1933-1934) 1858 Richard Rust was appointed the first president. 1863 Because of the Civil War, declining enrollment and increasing debts forced the Wilberforce University board of trustees to close the school and seek a new owner.
Daniel Payne purchased the property of the college under the auspices of the African Methodist Episcopal Church. The sale price was $10,000. Succeeding Rust, Payne became the first Black college president in America. Union Seminary was then sold and proceeds, faculty, and students were merged with Wilberforce University."

Rust United Methodist Church, Oberlin, Ohio
"Rust Church played a prominent role of leadership in the development of the Oberlin community. The colony had existed only 30 years when the founders, a small interracial group of consecrated men and women who worshipped together in Colonial Hall (the present site of the Conservatory) banded together in prayer to create a temple for God. This was in 1872, less than a decade after the Civil War. From its membership leaders in many facets of community life have served this community. The congregation later divided; both groups felt they could be self supporting. In 1875 the Negroes bought and moved a small frame building to S. Water Street (now Park St.). As the Second Methodist Episcopal Church the congregation became part of the Lexington Annual Conference and Mrs. Elizabeth Carr was the first pastor. The church thrived, so that in 1906 it bought two adjacent parcels of land. The name Rust was added in 1906 to memorialize Dr. Richard S. Rust, one of the post-Civil War white leaders of the denomination and the same person for whom Rust College, a black institution in Holly Springs, MS is also named. In 1915, during the construction of their new building, the congregation worshipped in the Centennial Building at the corner of South Main and Edison Streets. The present church was dedicated Oct. 8,1916. Two remnants of the old church still remaining are the church bell still heard on Sundays and the large rose window on the east wall. A part of the archives is a cask containing the ashes of the mortgage which was burned in 1923. In the late 1950's Christian Education received a major emphasis with the participation of students and staff from Schauffler college, then a division of Oberlin's Graduate School of Theology. The church is now under the Norwalk Conference of the United Methodist Church. There have been a series of instruments serving the church, first a reed organ which was soon inadequate and was replaced by a $90.00 instrument. In the late 1920's a pipe organ was purchased by the choir from the Episcopal Church. In November 1955 a Baldwin electronic organ was installed. During the years 1941-58 the musical groups of this church gained renown. The "Gospel Chorus" traveled throughout Ohio. The Senior Choir, Ladies' Sextette and the Junior Choir brought much music in to the services."

"My father possessed a strong intellect and an iron will.
Of my mother I cannot speak as I would, for memory recalls qualities to which the pen can never do justice. The following is a brief extract from the eulogy of the Rev. Richard S. Rust, D. D., who for many years had resided in Tilton and knew my sainted mother in all the walks of life. The character of Mrs. Abigail Ambrose Baker was distinguished for numerous excellences. She possessed a strong intellect, a sympathizing heart, and a placid spirit. Her presence, like the gentle dew and cheerful light, was felt by all around her. She gave an elevated character to the tone of conversation in the circles in which she moved, and directed attention to themes at once pleasing and profitable. As a mother, she was untiring in her efforts to secure the happiness of her family. She ever entertained a lively sense of the parental obligation, especially in regard to the education of her children. The oft-repeated impressions of that sainted spirit, on the hearts of those especially entrusted to her watch-care, can never be effaced, and can hardly fail to induce them to follow her to the brighter world. Her life was a living illustration of Christian faith."
[Mary Baker G. Eddy, Retrospection and Introspection, AUTOBIOGRAPHIC REMINISCENCES, Published by the Trustees under the Will of Mary Baker G. Eddy, Boston, U.S.A., 1891, 1892, 5-6]

"The first minister of the State Street church was Rev. John Newland Moffet, the noted revivalist stationed 1828-29 ... On June 10, 1829, the New England Conference met in Portsmouth, and the New Hampshire Conference was formed. In 1830, Stephen Lovell ...1851, Richard S. Rust ... . In 1859 and 1860, Rev. D. P. Leavitt was stationed here. Under his labors a new vestry, costing about fifteen hundred dollars (exclusive of land), was built on Daniel Street. The State Street building was sold September I, 1912, to Jewish resi- dents and is now their Temple of Worship.
[History of Rockingham County, New Hampshire and Representative Citizens by Charles A. Hazlett, Richmond-Arnold Publishing Co., Chicago, Ill., 1915, Chapter XIII, Portsmouth Churches and Pastors, page166]

"In 1900 the Freedmen's Aid Society founded its second college in Texas. The institution capped a twenty-four-year struggle that began in 1876, when Andrews Normal School was opened in Dallas. After failing to attract sufficient support there, Methodist leaders moved the school to Austin. In 1883, Richard S. Rust, secretary of the Freedmen's Aid Society, purchased six acres of land on the east side of Austin. Shortly afterward, Samuel Huston–a wealthy landowner from Marengo, Iowa, for whom the college was later named–got the enterprise under way by donating $9,000."
[Michael R. Heintze, Black Colleges, The Handbook of Texas Online]

Note: In Hamilton Co, Ohio, on 01 April 1997, counsel for appellant in Thrash (Apellant) vs. Hill (Appellee), included Richard S. Rust, IV. [63 Ohio St. 2d 178; 407 N.E.2d 495; 1980 Ohio LEXIS 805 (1980)]

PORTRAIT OF RICHARD S. RUST, first president of WILBERFORCE UNIVERSITY and Cincinnati Abolitionist, oil, 1858 by ROBERT SCOTT DUNCANSON Painter and Portraitist (1823-1872), was exhibited in the Cinncinati Art Museum in 1972

"The Board, as now constituted, consists of the following, the date indicating the year when each carne into office: Ex officio ... 1873, Rev. Richard S. Rust, D. D., LL. D., Cincinnati.(Methodist Episcopal College)"
[History of Delaware and Ohio, O. L.. BASKIN S CO., HISTORICAL PUBLISHERS, 66 DEARBORN STREET, CHICAGO, 1880, p.368]

"A Roll of Honor
The twelve wise men who organized the Freedmen's Aid Society more than fifty years ago have all gone to their eternal home, but the work which they began goes on, and will go on forever. Heaven must be the more enjoyable to them as they see "what God hath wrought" through their plans. They were: Bishop Davis W. Clark; John M. Walden, afterward Bishop; John M. Reid, afterward missionary secretary; Richard S. Rust; Adam Poe; Luke Hitchcock; Benjamin F. Crary; Robert Allyn; J. R. Still- well; J. F. Larkin; Judge Grant Goodrich, and Thomas M. Eddy, afterward missionary secretary."
[Twelve Wise Men and What They Did for a Race, Schools of the Freedmen's Aid Society of the Methodist Episcopal Church Brought down to Date, pamphlet]

Richard married 1, 2 (1) Sarah A. Hubbard daughter of Joseph Hubbard and Sarah on 9 Aug 1841 in Middleton, Connecticut, USA, by Rev. John R. Crane. Sarah was born 3 in Jun 1820 in Middleton, Connecticut, USA.

They had the following children:

  43 M i Richard H. Rust was born 1 on 5 Sep 1842.
        Richard married Emma. I. Leybold.
+ 44 M ii Charles H. Rust

Richard married 1 (2) Elizabeth A. Lowns daughter of Josiah Lownes and Anna on 27 Oct 1875. Elizabeth was born 2 on 8 Jun 1834 in Ellicott Mills, Maryland, USA.

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