31. Hannah Bradley (Daniell , Danyell ) was born 1, 2 on 28 May 1677 in Haverhill, Massachusetts, USA. She died after 1718.
Hannah married 1 Joseph Heath son of Joseph Heath and Martha Dow in 1697 in Haverhill, Massachusetts, USA. Joseph was born 2 on 23 Mar 1672/1673 in Haverhill, Massachusetts, USA. He died on 11 Jun 1714 in Haverhill, Massachusetts, USA.
They had the following children:
+ 161 M i Samuel Heath + 162 F ii Mary Heath + 163 F iii Martha Heath + 164 F iv Phebe Heath + 165 M v Joseph Heath 166 F vi Mehitable Heath was born on 20 May 1710 in Haverhill, Massachusetts, USA. Mehitable married Samuel Worthen on 3 Feb 1731/1732 in Haverhill, Massachusetts, USA. Samuel was born on 14 May 1708 in Haverhill, Massachusetts, USA. + 167 F vii Priscilla Heath 168 F viii Ruth Heath was born on 18 Oct 1715 in Haverhill, Massachusetts, USA. 169 F ix Hannah Heath was born on 18 Oct 1718 in Haverhill, Massachusetts, USA. Hannah married Stephen Wheeler on 12 Nov 1741 in Haverhill, Massachusetts, USA.
32. Isaac Bradley (Daniell , Danyell ) was born 1, 2, 3 on 25 Feb 1679/1680 in Haverhill, Massachusetts, USA. He died after 1740.
"Early in the fall of 1695, on 04 September, a party of Indians appeared in the northern part of Haverhill and made prisioners of Isaac, age 15, and Joseph Whitaker, age 11, who were at work near Joseph Bradley's house. Isaac was small and wiry but Joseph was large, overgrown and clumsy.
They were taken to Lake Winnepisogee (Lake Winnipesaukee, NH) and placed with an Indian family. They understood enough of the language to learn that they were to be taken to Canada in the Spring. In April Isaac planed his escape without informing Joseph. He finally told him that he was afraid he would not wake up. On the appointed night, all were asleep and snoring, including Joseph. After Isaac had stolen fire making material and some moose meet and bread, he tried to wake up Joseph. Joseph turned over and said out loud, "What do you want?" Isaac laid down quickly pretending to sleep. He later left without Joseph but he had awakened and followed him. At daybreak, they hid in a hollow log as the knew the Indians would pursue them. Their dogs discovered them in the log, but the dogs recognized Joseph and Isaac and they were given the moose meat. By that ruse, they escaped and survived several days living on roots and berries. At one point they happened upon an Indian camp but were not discovered. Isaac had to leave Joseph at one time but returned for him later. He ended up carrying Joseph part of the way. They arrived in desperate condition at Fort Saco, Maine."
[George Wingate Chase, History of Haverhill, 1861, reprint, New England Historical Press, 1983, 179]
Isaac married 1, 2 Elizabeth Clement daughter of John Clement and Elizabeth Ayer on 6 May 1706 in Haverhill, Massachusetts, USA. Elizabeth was born 3, 4, 5 on 9 Apr 1684 in Haverhill, Massachusetts, USA. She died 6, 7, 8 about 1740.
They had the following children:
+ 170 F i Lydia Bradley + 171 M ii Sgt. John Bradley 172 F iii Mehetable Bradley was born 1, 2 on 10 Dec 1711 in Haverhill, Massachusetts, USA. Mehetable married 1, 2 Jeremiah Dresser son of Joseph Dresser and Elizabeth Kilburne on 3 Dec 1735 in Haverhill, Massachusetts, USA. Jeremiah was born 3, 4 on 3 Jul 1709 in Rowley, Massachusetts, USA. 173 F iv Ruth Bradley was born 1, 2, 3 on 26 May 1713 in Haverhill, Massachusetts, USA. She died 4 about 1729. 174 F v Abigail Bradley was born 1, 2, 3 on 20 May 1714 in Haverhill, Massachusetts, USA. 175 F vi Elizabeth Bradley was born 1, 2, 3 on 10 Jan 1716/1717 in Haverhill, Massachusetts, USA. Elizabeth married 1, 2, 3 Robert Calef on 12 Oct 1738 in Haverhill, Massachusetts, USA. Robert was born in (of) Chester, New Hampshire, USA. + 176 M vii Isaac Bradley 177 M viii Nathaniel Bradley was born 1, 2 on 10 Feb 1720/1721 in Haverhill, Massachusetts, USA. He died 3 on 4 Oct 1737 in Haverhill, Massachusetts, USA. 178 F ix Meriam Bradley was born 1, 2 on 18 Jan 1723/1724 in Haverhill, Massachusetts, USA. She died 3 on 3 Apr 1724 in Haverhill, Massachusetts, USA. 179 M x Moses Bradley was born 1, 2 on 18 Jan 1723/1724 in Haverhill, Massachusetts, USA. He died 3 on 29 Mar 1724 in Haverhill, Massachusetts, USA.
33. Abraham Bradley (Daniell , Danyell ) was born 1, 2 on 14 Mar 1683/1684 in Haverhill, Massachussets, USA. He died 3 on 8 Jul 1764 in Concord, New Hampshire, USA.
"Came to Concord in 1729, probably after the birth of all his children. His will is dated July 8, 1754, soon after which he probably died. His wife survived him some years, but there is no record of the death of either of them. Pompey, their black slave, survived his master and mistress, and was willed to John Bradley, and died in the winter of 1772."
[Boulton, History of Concord, 634]
Abraham married 1 Elizabeth Philbrick daughter of Thomas Philbrick , Jr. and Mehitable Ayer on 18 Oct 1705 in Haverhill, Massachusetts, USA. Elizabeth was born on 17 Oct 1686 in Kingston, New Hampshire, USA. She died after 1764.
They had the following children:
180 F i Mehetabel Bradley was born 1, 2 on 13 Jul 1706 in Haverhill, Massachusetts, USA. She died on 13 Aug 1706 in Haverhill, Massachusetts, USA. + 181 F ii Abigail Bradley + 182 M iii Jeremiah Bradley + 183 M iv Lieut. Timothy Bradley + 184 M v Lieut. Jonathan Bradley 185 F vi Aphthia Bradley was born 1, 2 on 6 Nov 1715 in Haverhill, Massachusetts, USA. She died on 1 Sep 1804 in Concord, New Hampshire, USA. Aphthia married 1 Stephen Farrington on 28 Aug 1732. Stephen was born in Concord, New Hampshire, USA. + 186 F vii Abiah Bradley 187 F viii Martha Bradley was born 1, 2 on 17 Jan 1719/1720 in Haverhill, Massachusetts, USA. + 188 M ix Samuel Bradley + 189 F x Mehetabel Bradley + 190 F xi Elizabeth "Betty" Bradley
39. Henry Bradley (Samuell , Danyell ) was born about 1660 in Dorchester, Massachusetts, or in Long Island, New York, USA. He died before Jul 1735 in (prob.) Dorchester, Maryland, USA.
With reference to the original settlers of Newbury, Mass., Coffin gives a list of names as appeared in the town records, December 7th., 1642, and these are denominated as freeholders of the town as then constituted. The list is repeated here with a star placed in front of those names to which more particular concern should be given relative to the settlement of Woodbridge, New Jersey.
Mr. Richard Dummer
Mr. Henry Sewall
Mr. Edward Rawson
Mr. Stephen Dummer
Mr. Edmund Greenleaf
*Mr. John Clarke
Mr. John Cutting
*Mr. Thomas Parker
Mr. James Noyes
Mr. John Lowle
Mr. Percival Lowle
Mr. John Spencer
*Mr. John Woodbridge
*Mr. James Browne
*John Pike, Senior
*Mrs. John Oliver
Widow William Stevens
Mr. Edward Woodman
*Richard Kent, Junior
John Pike, Junior
Mr. John Miller
[First Settlers of Ye Plantations of Piscataway and Woodsridge Olde East New Jersey, part 1, p. 85]
No children at Newbury. If related to Daniel, he was prob. either a nephew or son, possibly by a former wife.
[Hoyt, David W., "Old Families of Salisbury and Amesbury Massachusetts," Snow & Farnham. Providence. 1897, Vol. 3, 884]
Henry married 1 (1) Judith Brown daughter of John Brown on 7 Jan 1695/1696 in Newbury, Massachusetts, USA. Judith was born 2 in 1660. She died 3, 4 on 14 Nov 1728 in Newbury, Massachusetts, USA.
They had the following children:
+ 191 M i John Bradley
Henry married 1, 2 (2) Hannah Foster daughter of Andrew Foster and Mary Russ on 19 Apr 1729 in Newbury, Massachusetts, USA. Hannah was born on 16 Jul 1668 in Andover, Massachusetts, USA. She died on 29 Jun 1740 in Methuen, Massachusetts, USA.
40. Sarah Bradley (Samuell , Danyell ) was born about 1665. She died about 12 Sep 1744 in New York, New York, USA.
The Manor of Livingston, it is needless to say, was one of the most important portions of the Province of New York. The late Judge Sutherland of the Supreme Court gives a very complete history in his "Deduction of Title of the Manor of Livingston." The learned Judge, shortly before his death, informed the writer, that he had then in his possession the original Patent for the Manor, on parchment. The lots on Dock street, in New York, were originally granted to William Cox, a wealthy merchant, who left them to his wife Sarah, and her brother, Samuel Bradley. The widow, Sarah Cox, afterward married John Oort, and after his death she married the famous Captain William Kidd. Captain Kidd and his wife and Samuel Bradley sold the lot to Robert Livingston June 30, 1693. The lot of Margaret Vetch is now No. 90 Pearl street, and the lot of Joanna Van Horne is No. 92. The stream called "Roeloff Jansen's Kill," perpetuates the name of Roeloff Jansen, who was the first husband of the famous Anake Jans, her second husband being Rev. Everardus Bogardus.--W. S. P.
[Abstracts of Wills Vol II 1708-1728, The New York Historical Society, 1893, p. 348, 349]
Page 193.--Edward, Viscount Cornbury, Captain-General, etc. Whereas WILLIAM COX, of New York, merchant, deceased, leaving a will, and appointing Jacob Mayle and Richard Jones executors, both of whom are deceased, before fully administering upon the estate, Letters of administration are granted to his widow Sarah and her husband Christopher Rousby, September 30, 1704.
(NOTE.--Sarah, wife of William Cox, after his decease married John Oort, and after he died, she married the famous Captain William Kidd. Christopher Rousby was her fourth husband and she survived him.)
[Abstracts of Wills Vol I 1665-1707, The New York Historical Society, 1892, p. 393]
Marriage license granted to CHRISTOPHER ROUSBY and SARAH KIDD, November 4, 1703.
(NOTE: In the printed volume of marriage licenses the name of Christopher Rousby is wrongly spelled. Sarah Kidd was the widow of Captain William Kidd.)
[Abstracts of Wills Vol I 1665-1707, The New York Historical Society, 1892, p. 380]
Page 375.--The account of Captain William Kidd and Sarah his wife, administrators of the estate of JOHN OORT, merchant, deceased. They charge themselves with all the goods and chattells, which appear to be œ155 14s. The petition for allowance for the funeral charges, œ30 1s. 6d. The whole estate appears to be œ274, 3s. 6d.
the marke of
Sarah S. K. Kidd.
Quietus granted by Governor Benjamin Fletcher, November 18, 1692
[Abstracts of Wills Vol I 1665-1707, The New York Historical Society, 1892, p. 206,207]
Page 262 - In the name of God, Amen. I, SARAH ROUSBY, of New York, widow of Christopher Rousby, late of New Jersey, deceased, being in good health and perfect mind. "The funeralls of my body are to be only such as shall become a Christian." After the payment of all debts and funeral charges, I leave all the rest of my estate to my five children, Christopher Rousby, Henry Rousby, Sarah, widow of Joseph Latham, William Rousby, and Elizabeth wife of John Troup, Jr. My eldest son Christopher shall have my wedding ring. I make my eldest son Christopher, and my son-in-law John Troup, executors. My houses and lands are to be sold by my executors.
Dated November 1, 1732. Witnesses, Abraham Van Wyck, Benjamin Hildreth, Christopher Roberts.
Codicil, August 26, 1743. My daughter Sarah Latham having died, her share is to go to her children.
Witnesses, Mansfield Tucker, James Johnson. Proved, September 12, 1744. The oldest son Christopher was then dead.
(NOTE: Sarah Rousby was the widow of four husbands, William Cox, John Oort, Captain William Kidd and Christopher Rousby. She inherited a large estate from her first husband. Her home at the time of her death was probably No. 131 Pearl street, New York.--W. S. P.)
[Abstracts of Wills Vol. IV 1744-1753, The New York Historical Society, 1895, 15]
Sara had two daughters by William Cox. She applied for her license to marry William Kidd only two days after the death of John Oort, sparking rumors that her husband may have been murdered. No proof was ever produced, however, and she went on to marry Capt. Kidd, a wealthy widow.
Sarah married 1 (1) William Cox in 1685 in New York, New York, USA. William died in Aug 1689 in Staten Island, New York, USA.
Jacob Leisler, Lieutenant - Governor, Commander in Chiefe of the Province of New York under his most excellent majesty William of England, &c., King, Defender of the Faith, etc. To all to whom these presents may come. Know ye that at a Court of Sessions, in New York, held the first Tuesday in August, 1689, the will of WILLIAM COX, merchant, was proved, and Richard Jones and John Mayle are confirmed as executors. Given under my hand and sealed with the Seale of the Province at Fort William, in New York, this 10th day of May, in the second yeare of his Majesty's Reigne, 1690.
COX, New York. "In the name of God, Amen. I, William Cox, merchant." I bequeath to my well beloved servant, Jacob Mayle, œ100 in money, to see my books and accounts settled, and make him one of my executors. I leave to my loving friend, Richard Jones, œ20, and make him executor. I leave to my mother, Alice Cox, alias Bone, œ500, to Dorothy Lee, œ10. "I give and bequeath to my dear and loving wife Sarah, which house she pleases to have, to her and heirs. I give and bequeath to Samuel Bradley, my brother in law, my other house which I bought of Mr. John Robinson, or that house I now live in, my wife taking her choice." "If God send my brother in law an heir, he shall call his name Cox Bradley and his children after him the same name." I leave to Henry Bradley all my right to a piece of land at the mill, and all things thereon, and œ100 when of age. Rest of property is left to his wife Sarah and his brother in law Samuel Bradley. "My desire is that this house where I now dwell should be for my brother Samuel, as above expressed, for reasons of fulfilling an oath, formerly sworn to my mother, she forcing me to passion; in fulfilling whereof I desire that there may be no contention after my decease."
Dated July 15, 1689. Witnesses, Jacob Mayle, Henry Mayle. Proved in Court of Sessions, held the first Tuesday in August, 1689.
Inventory made September 11, 1689. 27 1/4 gallons of sweet wine, œ8. 9s., 5 gallons madeira wine, 15s. This inventory is very lengthy, covering several pages, and amounting to some thousands of pounds, showing plainly that Wm. Cox was one of the wealthy merchants of his day.
Note: Wm. Cox is said to have been drowned in the bay off Staten Island, in August, 1689. The house he lived in, which was the one chosen by his wife, is now No. 56 Wall Street. The house bought of Mr. John Robinson is No. 129 Pearl Street. His wife Sarah afterward married John Oort, and after his death she married the famous Captain William Kidd.
The New York Historical Society Collections, this 1892 volume features abstracts of wills on file in the Surrogates Office, City of New York, from 1665 to 1707.
[Abstracts of Wills Vol. I 1665-1707, The New York Historical Society, 1892, p. 108-111]
William Cox, who lived a few years later, in the neighborhood of Hanover Square, was an interesting and more or less important personage. Besides owning a valuable mill property, he was a well known merchant in his day, and extensively engaged in the West India and other foreign trade. Public interests also appear to have claimed a share of his attention. In 1683, he was an Alderman of the city, and in 1689, was sent to Amboy by Leisler, the self-constituted and then acting Governor, to proclaim the accession of William and Mary. Returning from this errand, which he had accomplished with due pomp and ceremony, he was drowned while disembarking from his vessel. He left an estate of some œ2,000, and from the inventory of his personal belongings it is evident that luxury was not unknown to New York merchants even in those early days. Costly plate and articles of rare value from foreign lands are enumerated in detail. His home was completely furnished and in a manner which would seem to indicate large wealth and social prominence.
He appears to have died childless, the only members of the family named in his will being his wife and his brother, Samuel.
He married Sarah Bradley in 1685, the marriage license bearing date of April 17th of that year. She subsequently married John Oort, and after his death, became the wife of the notorious pirate, Captain Kidd. Kidd was not so ill thought of, at the time, as he has since been and piracy was a form of crime often winked at by the authorities and by many otherwise respectable merchants whose fortunes were largely increased in that way.
[The Cox Family in America, Cocks, George William , New York, 1912, p. 274, 275]
Sarah married (2) John Oort after 1689 in New York, New York, USA. John died on 14 May 1691 in New York, New York, USA.
Sarah married (3) Capt. William Kidd on 16 May 1691 in New York, New York, USA. William was born on 9 Mar 1647/1648 in Carnock, Dundee, Scotland. He died on 23 May 1701 in London, England, hanged.
Registered for Captain William Kidd and Sarah his wife. Fort William Henry, this 15 day of April, 1692. Whereas the within named Sarah Oort, now Sarah Kidd, and administratrix of the estate of John Oort, deceased, hath since the grant of the within Letters of Administration, been intermarried to Captain William Kidd, by which means she hath neglected to exhibit her Inventory pursuant to the written directions. I being well satisfied in the fidelity of the said William Kidd, have decreed that the said William Kidd shall give bonds in five hundred pounds, along with the said Sarah, for their true administrations, and allow them six months from this day for the exhibition of the Inventory, and one year from this day for their account. As witness my hand the day and yeare above written.
[Abstracts of Wills Vol I 1665-1707, The New York Historical Society, 1892, p.197]
This Indenture Wittnesseth that Elizabeth Morris Now att Present of ye Citty of New Yorke Spinster as well for And In Consideration of her Passage on board the Barquentine Called the Antegua (Capt William Kidd late Owner) in the late Voyage from the Kingdom of England to this porte of New Yorke as also for other good Causes and Considerations her thereunto Moveing Hath and by these Presents doth binde her selfe A Servant unto the Said Capt William Kidd and to live with him after the manner of a Servant and with his Executors Administrators or Assigns for and [page 6] Dureing the full Terme and Space of four years to Commence from the fourteenth day of July last past being the day of her Arrival here from the Kingdom of England In the Aforesaid Barquentine And the Said Elizabeth doth hereby Promise and oblige her selfe Dureing the said Terme faithfully Carefully and honestly to Serve the Said William Kidd his Executors Administrators or Assigns as a good and honest Servant ought to doe. And dureing which Said time the Said William Kidd doth hereby binde and Oblige himselfe his Executors Administrators and assigns to finde and Provide for her the Said Elizabeth Nessessary and Competent meat Drinke washing lodging and apparell and Imploy her In honest and Convenient Labour Dureing the Sd Terme and att the Expiration thereof Shall give unto her Double apparell
In Wittness whereof the Sd Parties have hereunto Interchangeably Sett their hands & Seals att New Yorke this Nineteenth day of August In the year of our Lord one thousand Six hundred & Ninety Six Annoq. RRe Will tertii Nonc. Angl. &c., octavo.
Elizabeth X Morris.
Sealed and Delivered in the Presence of.
Will. Merrett, Mayor.
[Collections of the New York Historical Society for the year 1885. A full Index of the names of all the Burghers Great and Small, the Freemen of all classes, the officers and magistrates conferring the Rights and Freedoms, and of the documents relating to the same, 1675-1708., 571, 572]
Registered for Captain William Kidd and Sarah his wife. An Inventory of all the goods and chattells of Mr. JOHN OORT, deceased, found in the possession of his widow Mrs. Sarah Oort, now wife of Captain William Kidd, and appraized as here underwritten this 19th day of October, 1692, in New York at the request of said Captain Wm. Kidd. John Smith, Wm. Huddlestone. 1 dozen turkey worked chairs, œ1 1s; 1 Pipe of Madeira wine, œ12; 104 ounces of Plate, œ101; total amount, œ155. Exhibited for a true and perfect Inventory of all and singular the goods, rights, credits of John Oort, deceased, by William Kidd and Sarah his wife, this 26th day of October, 1692.
the marke of
Sarah S. K. Kidd.
[Abstracts of Wills Vol I 1665-1707, The New York Historical Society, 1892, p. 204]
Edward, Viscount Cornbury, Captain-General and Governor, etc. Whereas SAMUEL BRADLEY, New York, merchant, lately died, leaving behind him his last will, therein declaring his brother in law, William Kidd, sole executor, who died without having proved the said will. And whereas Sarah Kidd, widow and relict of William Kidd, and sister to ye said Samuel Bradley, hath prayed for the administration, The same is granted, April 13, 1703, and the said Sarah Kidd is sworn as executrix.
[Abstracts of Wills Vol I 1665-1707, The New York Historical Society, 1892, p. 367]
ONE of the most terrible names in the juvenile literature of England and English America, during the last century and a half, has been that of William Kidd, the pirate. In the nursery legend, in story, and in song, his name has stood forth as the boldest and bloodiest of buccaneers. The terror of the ocean when abroad, the story said that he returned from his successive voyages to line our coasts with silver and gold, and to renew with the devil a league, cemented with the blood of victims shot down, whenever fresh returns of the precious metals were to be hidden. According to the superstitions of Connecticut and Long Island, it was owing to these bloody charms that honest money diggers have ever experienced so much difficulty in removing the buried treasures. Often, indeed, have the lids of the iron chests rung beneath the mattock of the stealthy midnight searcher for gold; but the flashes of sulphurous fires, blue and red, and the saucer eyes and chattering teeth of legions of demons, have uniformly interposed to frighten the delvers from their posts, and preserve the treasures from their greedy clutches. But notwithstanding the harrowing sensations connected with the name of Kidd, and his renown as a pirate, he was but one of the last and most inconsiderable of that race of sea-robbers, who, during a long series of years in the seventeenth century, were the admiration of the world for their prowess, and its terror for their crimes.
In the latter part of the seventeenth century Kidd was in command of a merchant vessel trading between New York and London, and was celebrated for his nautical skill and enterprise. The first mention of him in authentic colonial history occurs in 1691, in which year the Journals of the New York Assembly tell us that on the 18th day of April much credit was allowed to be due him "for the many good services done for the province in attending with his vessels." But in what capacity, or for what object he thus "attended with his vessels" does not appear. It was also declared that he "ought to be suitably rewarded." Accordingly, on the 14th of May following, it was ordered by the same Assembly "that the sum of œ150 be paid to Captain Kidd, as a suitable acknowledgment for the important benefits which the Colony had received from his services." The presumption is, that those services were in some way connected with the protection of the Colonial merchant vessels from the attacks of the pirates, who were at that time hovering along the coasts of the Northern Colonies. Indeed, the harbor of New York was no stranger to the pirate vessels; and the commerce between them and the "people of figure" in this city was not inconsiderable. It was no secret that the pirates were frequently in the Sound, and were freely supplied with provisions by the inhabitants of Long Island; and, still farther, it was well known in the year 1695, that the English freebooters had fitted out their vessels in the harbor of New York. On the arrival of the pirate vessels from their cruises their goods were openly sold in the city, and the conduct of the Colonial Government was such that collusion, if not direct partnerships, between them and the public authorities was not doubted.
Colonel Fletcher, a poor and profligate man, was Governor at that time. He was beyond doubt concerned with the freebooters, as also was William Nicoll, a member of the Privy Council. Complaints upon this subject having reached England, and the throne, in the year of 1695, Fletcher was succeeded by the Earl of Bellamont, the appointment being made in the belief that from his rank and the weight of his character, he would be able to retrieve the character of the Colonial Government. The King declared, in terms, "that he thought the Earl a man of resolution and integrity, and with these qualities more likely than any other he could think of to put a stop to the growth of piracy." Immediately after his lordship had arrived in New York, and assumed the direction of the Government, he laid before his Council letters from Secretary Vernon and the East India Company, relating to this matter, informing the board that he had an affidavit asserting that Fletcher had permitted the pirates to land their spoils in the province, and that Mr. Nicoll bargained for their protections, and received for his services 800 Spanish dollars. Nicoll confessed the receipt of the money for protections, but protested that it was in virtue of a certain act of the Assembly, for allowing privateers on their giving security--denying entirely the receipt of money from the pirates. However, on an argument before the Council, it was shown by the King's counsel that there was no such act in existence. The Council advised that Fletcher should be sent home for trial, and that Nicoll should be tried here. But in fact neither trial ever took place, owing, probably, to a want of evidence against the accused. On meeting the General Assembly, in his opening speech, Lord Bellamont adverted to the subject of piracy in these words:
"It hath been represented to the Government in England, that this province has been a noted receptacle of pirates, and the trade of it under no restriction, but the acts of trade violated by the neglect and connivance of those whose duty it was to have prevented it."
Though not brought to trial, as already stated, yet the circumstances were so strong against Nicoll that he was suspended from the Council-board, and obliged to enter into a recognizance in œ2,000 to answer for his conduct in regard to the protections. He, however, survived the scandal, and was afterward a successful demagogue in Suffolk County, by the people of which he was elected to the Assembly, and by that body to the chair of the speakership.
But to return to Kidd. Justice to his memory requires it to be said, that he was not, at that period, so far as is known, a pirate himself. Before Lord Bellamont sailed from England for his Government, he met with Robert Livingston, of New York, the ancestor of the Livingstons of Livingston's Manor, with whom he held a conversation respecting the pirates, and the best means that could be adopted to put them down. The project of employing a swift sailing armed ship of thirty guns, and one hundred and fifty men, to cruise against them, was spoken of; and Livingston recommended his lordship to Kidd, as a man of integrity and courage, acquainted with the pirates and their places of rendezvous, and as one in all respects fit to be intrusted with the command of a vessel engaged in such a difficult service. He had indeed commanded a privateer in regular commission, against the pirates in the West Indies, in which service he had acquitted himself as a brave and adventurous man. The project not being entertained by the Board of Admiralty, a private adventure against the pirates was suggested by Mr. Livingston, one-fifth part of the stock of which he would take himself, besides becoming security for the good conduct of Kidd. The proposition was approved by the King, who became interested to the amount of one-tenth; and the residue of the expense was supplied by Lord Chancellor Somers, the Duke of Shrewsbury, the Earls of Romney and Oxford, and Sir Edmond Harrison and others. The ship having been procured and equipped, Kidd sailed for New York, under a regular commission, in April, 1696, the direction of the enterprise being committed to the Earl of Bellamont and himself. For a time he served faithfully, and with advantage to the commerce of the Colonies and mother country, for which services he received much public applause, and another grant from the Colony of 250 pounds. Tradition, moreover, says that, on visiting the Government House, he was received with public honors, and invited to a seat with the Speaker of the House of Assembly.
But on his next voyage he stretched away to the Indian Ocean, and turned pirate himself. Selecting the island of Madagascar as his principal place of rendezvous, and burning his own ship after having captured one that suited him better, his depredations upon the commerce of all nations were represented to have been great. He is said to have "ranged over the Indian coast from the Red Sea to Malabar, and that his depredations extended from the Eastern Ocean back along the Atlantic coast of South America, through the Bahamas, the whole of the West Indies, and the shores of Long Island." But it will presently be seen that this statement must have been an exaggeration, as time was not afforded for operations so extensive before his arrest.
It is beyond doubt true that Long Island Sound contained several of his hiding-places. "Kidd's Rock" is well known at Manhasset, upon Long Island, to this day. Here he was supposed to have buried some treasures, and many have been the attempts of the credulous to find the hidden gold. But it could not be found. There is also no doubt that he was wont to hide himself and his vessel among those curious rocks in Sachem's Head Harbor called the Thimble Islands. I have explored his haunts there, and the pirate's cavern. There is also upon one of those rocks, sheltered from the view of the Sound, a beautiful artificial excavation, of an oval form, holding perhaps the measure of a barrel, called "Kidd's Punch Bowl." It was here, according to the legends of the neighborhood, that he used to carouse with his crew. But it is a fact beyond controversy, that he was accustomed to anchor his vessel in Gardiner's Bay. On one occasion, in the night, he landed upon Gardiner's Island, and requested Mrs. Gardiner to provide a supper for himself and his attendants. Knowing his desperate character, she dared not refuse, and fearing his displeasure, she took great pains, especially in roasting a pig. The pirate chief was so pleased with her culinary success that, on going away, he presented her with a cradle-blanket of gold-cloth. It was a velvet, inwrought with gold, and very rich. A small piece of it yet remains in the family, which I have seen. On one occasion when he landed at the island he buried a small casket of gold, silver, and precious stones in the presence of Mr. Gardiner, but under the most solemn injunctions of secresy.
Repairing soon afterward to Boston, where Lord Bellamont happened to be at the time, he was summoned before his lordship, and directed to give a report of his proceedings in the service of his company. Refusing to comply with this demand, he was arrested on the 3d of July, 1699, on the charge of piracy. He appears to have disclosed the fact of having buried the treasure at Gardiner's Island, for the same was demanded by his lordship, and surrendered by Mr. Gardiner. I have seen the original receipt for the amount, with the different items of the deposit. The amount was by no means large, and affords evidence of no such mighty sweepings of the seas as have been told of in story and in song. Of gold in coins, gold-dust, and bars, there were 750 ounces. Of silver, 506 ounces; and of precious stones, about 16 ounces.
Lord Bellamont wrote home for a ship-of-war to carry Kidd to England for trial. The Rochester was dispatched upon that service; but being obliged to put back, a general suspicion prevailed in England that there was collusion between the pirates and the ministers, and in fact, that they dared not bring the sea-robber home for trial, lest it should be discovered that the Lord Chancellor and his noble associates in the enterprise were confederates in the piracies also. Party spirit ran high, and the opponents of the ministers brought a resolution into the House of Commons for excluding from place all the partners of Kidd in the original enterprise. And although this resolution was voted down, yet the Tories contrived afterward to impeach several of the Whig lords upon the charge of having been concerned with Kidd. But the articles were not sustained. Meantime Kidd had been taken to England, tried on an indictment for piracy and murder, and hung in chains, with six of his crew. In addition to the indictment for piracy, he was indicted for the murder of one of his own subordinate officers, named Moore, whom he killed in a quarrel, by striking him over the head with a bucket. He was convicted upon both charges, but protested to the last that he was the victim of conspiracy and perjury.
But after all, suspicions were entertained by the public that the execution was a sham--that the Government dared not to put him to death--and that, to avoid disclosures, a man of straw was hung in his place. In proof of this assertion, it was gravely and strongly alleged that Kidd had been seen alive and well, many years afterward, by those who could not be mistaken as to his identity. There is little doubt, however, of his having been honestly hung at "Execution Dock," in London, on the 12th of May, 1701. Yet, when compared with the nobler buccaneers, Solonois, Morgan, and De Grammont, Kidd must have been a pirate upon an insignificant scale--a mere bottle-imp by the side of Satan, as portrayed in stupendous grandeur by Milton!
The following old ballads were favorite ones for several years after his death:
I'll sing you a song that you'll wonder to hear,
Of a freebooter lucky and bold,
Of old Captain Kidd--of the man without fear--
How himself to the devil he sold.
His ship was a trim one as ever did swim,
His comrades were hearty and brave--
Twelve pistols he carried, that freebooter grim,
And he fearlessly ploughed the wild wave.
He ploughed for rich harvests, for silver and gold,
He gathered them all in the deep;
And he hollowed his granaries far in the mold,
Where they lay for the devil to keep.
Yet never was rover more open of hand
To the woodsmen so merry and free;
For he scattered his coin 'mong the sons of the land
Whene'er he returned from the sea.
Yet pay-day at last, though unwished and unbid,
Come alike to the rude and the civil;
And bold Captain Kidd, for the things that he did,
Was sent by Jack Ketch to the devil.
My name was Captain Kidd,
When I sailed, when I sailed;
My name was Captain Kidd,
And so wickedly I did,
God's laws I did forbid,
When I sailed, when I sailed.
I roamed from sound to sound,
And many a ship I found,
And them I sunk or burned,
When I sailed, when I sailed.
Farewell to young and old,
All jolly seamen bold;
You are welcome to my gold,
For I must die, I must die.
Farewell, for I must die;
Then to eternity,
In hideous misery,
I must lie, I must lie
[History of New York City from the Discovery to the Present Day, by William L. Stone, author of "The life and times of Sir William Johnson, Bart.;" "Life and Writings of Col. William L. Stone"; etc., etc., etc. "Humani Nihil Alienum", New York; Virtue & Yorston, 12 Dey Street. 1872, 36-41]
Kidd gave evidence under oath in the case of Jackson and Jacobs v. Noell in the High Court of the Admiralty of England. At the hearing, he gave his age as 41 years, and his place of birth as Dundee ~ which is supported by an entry in the Dundee parish register of baptisms. The surname is indeed very popular in Fife, but is rarely seen on the west coast. His father is listed as a seaman, which explains why the chronicles of the day (Newgate Calendar) described Kidd as a man "born to the sea". A few miles from Dundee is a small hamlet named "Carnock". Perhaps this is Kidd's true place of birth, which at some stage was misinterpreted and became "Greenock". Kidd also named his Negro cabin boy "Dundee".
William and Sarah had the following children:
192 F i Elizabeth Kidd was born about 1692 in New York, New York, USA. 193 F ii Sarah Kidd was born about 1694 in New York, New York, USA.
Sarah married (4) Christopher Rousby on 4 Nov 1703 in New York, New York, USA. Christopher was born in (of) Raway (Rowley?), Essex Co., Massachusetts, USA. He died 1 on 3 Oct 1728 in Woodbridge, New Jersey, USA.
They had the following children:
+ 194 M iii Christopher Rousby 195 M iv Henry Rousby. 196 F v Sarah Rousby died - 26 Aug 1743. Sarah married Joseph Latham. Joseph died before 1 Nov 1732. 197 M vi William Rousby. 198 F vii Elizabeth Rousby. Elizabeth married John Troup , Jr..
41. George Bradley (Samuell , Danyell ) was born 1, 2 in 1667 in Connecticut, USA. He died on 20 Apr 1741 in Tolland, Connecticut, USA.
George married Hannah Braman daughter of Thomas Braman and Hannah Fisher on 29 May 1717 in Tolland, Connecticut, USA. Hannah was born in 1690 in Norton, Massachusetts, USA.
They had the following children:
199 M i George Bradley was born on 8 Jul 1718 in Tolland, Connecticut, USA. 200 F ii Hannah Bradley was born on 18 Dec 1719 in Tolland, Connecticut, USA. 201 F iii Mary Bradley was born on 11 Apr 1722 in Tolland, Connecticut, USA. 202 F iv Jane Bradley was born on 6 Feb 1722/1723 in Tolland, Connecticut, USA. + 203 M v Jabez Bradley + 204 M vi Henry Bradley + 205 M vii Josiah Bradley 206 M viii Jonah Bradley was born on 5 Mar 1732/1733 in Tolland, Connecticut, USA. He died on 16 Mar 1745/1746 in Tolland, Connecticut, USA, s.p..
43. Prudence Leaver (Marie Broadley , Danyell ) was born 1 on 11 Apr 1644 in Rowley, Massachusetts, USA. She died 2 on 26 Oct 1716 in Bradford, Massachusetts, USA.
Prudence married 1, 2 (1) Benjamin Gage son of John Gage and Ann on 11 Oct 1671 in Bradford, Massachusetts, USA. Benjamin was born 3 about 1643 in Salisbury, Massachusetts, USA. He died 4 on 10 Oct 1672 in Bradford, Massachusetts, USA.
They had the following children:
+ 207 M i John Gage
Prudence married 1 (2) Lt. Samuel Stickney son of William Stickney and Elizabeth Dawson on 6 Apr 1674 in Bradford, Massachusetts, USA. Samuel was born on 6 Mar 1630/1631 in Cottingham, Yorkshire, England. He died 2 about 1709 in Bradford, Massachusetts, USA.
49. Mary Allen (Ellin Broadley , Danyell ) was born 1 on 26 Feb 1660/1661 in Guilford, Connecticut, USA.
New Haven County Court, 10 Apr 1700, she is called "Mary Linly formerly Mary Goodritch Administratix of estate of the late Bartholomew Goodritch of Branford deceased."
Mary married (1) Bartholomew Goodrich. Bartholomew died before 1697.
Mary married (2) Benjamin Lindley about 1697. Benjamin was born about 1670 in Newark, New Jersey, USA. He died after 1 Jun 1750 in Branford, Connecticut, USA.
They had the following children:
+ 208 F i Susanna Lindley + 209 M ii Abiel Lindley + 210 F iii Lydia Lindley 211 F iv Bethia Lindley was born on 25 Mar 1705 in Branford, Connecticut, USA. Bethia married David Tyler on 8 Dec 1726 in Branford, Connecticut, USA. + 212 M v Mathew Lindley 213 F vi Mercy Lindley was born on 22 Oct 1710 in Branford, Connecticut, USA.
51. Sarah Allen (Ellin Broadley , Danyell ) was born 1 on 25 Nov 1666 in Guilford, Connecticut, USA. She died on 26 Sep 1742 in New Haven, Connecticut, USA.
Sarah married 1, 2 Samuel Atwater son of David Atwater and Damaris Sayre on 7 Jul 1691 in New Haven, Connecticut, USA. Samuel was born 3 on 17 Sep 1664 in New Haven, Connecticut, USA. He died 4 on 17 Sep 1742 in New Haven, Connecticut, USA.
They had the following children:
214 M i Samuel Atwater was born 1 on 14 Jul 1692 in New Haven, Connecticut, USA. He died 2 on 19 Sep 1713 in New Haven, Connecticut, USA. 215 M ii Daniel Atwater was born 1 on 29 Sep 1694 in New Haven, Connecticut, USA. Daniel married Abigail Tuttle. 216 M iii James Atwater was born 1 on 23 Dec 1696 in New Haven, Connecticut, USA. He died 2 on 16 Dec 1722 in New Haven, Connecticut, USA. 217 F iv Sarah Atwater was born 1 on 21 Jan 1698/1699 in New Haven, Connecticut, USA. She died 2 on 2 Jul 1699 in New Haven, Connecticut, USA. 218 F v Damaris Atwater was born 1 on 21 May 1700 in New Haven, Connecticut, USA. + 219 M vi Caleb Atwater 220 M vii Stephen Atwater was born 1 on 5 Dec 1705 in New Haven, Connecticut, USA. 221 M viii John Atwater was born 1 on 28 Nov 1707 in New Haven, Connecticut, USA. He died 2 on 29 Apr 1709 in New Haven, Connecticut, USA. 222 M ix John Atwater was born 1 on 4 Aug 1709 in New Haven, Connecticut, USA. He died 2 on 20 Dec 1709 in New Haven, Connecticut, USA. 223 M x Seth Atwater was born 1 on 16 May 1711 in New Haven, Connecticut, USA. He died 2 on 4 Feb 1711/1712 in New Haven, Connecticut, USA.
59. Anne Bradley (Nathan , Danyell ) was born 1, 2, 3 on 16 Nov 1669 in Guilford, Connecticut, USA. She died 4, 5 on 1 Jun 1749 in East Guilford, Connecticut, USA.
Anne married 1, 2 Jonathan Murray on 17 Jul 1688 in Guilford, Connecticut, USA. Jonathan was born 3, 4 in 1665 in Edimburgh, Scotland. He died 5, 6 on 27 Aug 1747 in East Guilford, Connecticut, USA.
They had the following children:
224 F i Thankful Murray was born on 12 Dec 1690 in East Guilford, Connecticut, USA. She died about 1 Jan 1749/1750 in Woodbury, Connecticut, USA. Thankful married John Meigs on 7 Apr 1724 in East Guilford, Connecticut, USA. 225 M ii Daniel Murray was born on 24 Feb 1691/1692 in East Guilford, Connecticut, USA. He died on 15 Sep 1716 in East Guilford, Connecticut, USA. Daniel married Mary Sperry about 1713 in New Haven, Connecticut, USA. 226 F iii Ann Murray was born on 1 Oct 1695 in East Guilford, Connecticut, USA. She died on 1 Oct 1696 in East Guilford, Connecticut, USA. 227 M iv Jonathan Murray was born on 1 Oct 1695 in East Guilford, Connecticut, USA. He died on 19 Aug 1714 in East Guilford, Connecticut, USA. 228 F v Hope Murray was born on 20 May 1698 in East Guilford, Connecticut, USA. She died on 27 Feb 1787 in East Guilford, Connecticut, USA. Hope married (1) Jonathan Lee. Jonathan was born on 15 Aug 1719. Hope married (2) William Judd about 1755. + 229 M vi Sargeant Selah Murray 230 M vii John Murray was born on 10 Oct 1703 in East Guilford, Connecticut, USA. He died on 9 Sep 1789 in East Guilford, Connecticut, USA. John married (1) Sarah Buell about 1730. John married (2) Ruth about 1744. + 231 M viii Jehiel Murray 232 F ix Hester Murray was born on 17 Jun 1711 in East Guilford, Connecticut, USA. She died on 10 Oct 1781 in East Guilford, Connecticut, USA. Hester married Josiah Cruttenden on 15 Dec 1737 in East Guilford, Connecticut, USA.
61. Mary Bradley (Nathan , Danyell ) was born 1, 2, 3 on 13 Mar 1671/1672 in Guilford, Connecticut, USA.
Mary married (1) Caleb Mix son of Thomas Meekes and Rebecca Turner. Caleb was born in 1661.
They had the following children:
+ 233 F i Esther Mix
Mary married (2) Josiah Tuttle after 1710.
65. Nathan Noah Bradley (Nathan , Danyell ) was born 1, 2, 3 on 18 Sep 1685 in Guilford, Connecticut, USA. He died 4, 5 on 18 Nov 1764 in Guilford, Connecticut, USA.
Nathan married 1 Mary Hatch daughter of Jonathan Hatch on 3 Oct 1710 in Guilford, Connecticut, USA. Mary was born in 1689 in Falmouth, Massachusetts, USA. She died 2, 3 on 20 Mar 1754 in Guilford, Connecticut, USA.
They had the following children:
234 F i Mary Bradley was born about 1711. She died 1 on 7 Nov in Guilford, Connecticut, USA, unmarried. 235 F ii Abigail Bradley was born 1, 2 on 25 Jun 1712 in Guilford, Connecticut, USA. She died 3 on 27 Dec 1769 in Guilford, Connecticut, USA. Abigail married (1) John Camp. Abigail married 1 (2) Caleb (Joareb) Field on 2 Apr 1733 in Guilford, Connecticut, USA. Caleb died 2 in 1749 in at sea. 236 M iii Nathan Bradley was born 1, 2 on 31 Dec 1714 in Guilford, Connecticut, USA. He died 3, 4 on 6 Jun 1723 in Guilford, Connecticut, USA. 237 F iv Esther Bradley was born 1 on 11 Oct 1717 in Guilford, Connecticut, USA. She died 2 on 7 Nov 1718 in Guilford, Connecticut, USA. 238 F v Esther Bradley was born in 1719 in Guilford, Connecticut, USA. She died on 28 Feb 1792. Esther married 1 Noah Scranton on 28 Jul 1743 in Guilford, Connecticut, USA. Noah died 2 on 4 Dec 1760. 239 M vi Ebenezer Bradley was born 1, 2 on 19 Sep 1720 in Guilford, Connecticut, USA. He died 3 on 29 Sep 1720 in Guilford, Connecticut, USA. + 240 M vii Noah Bradley
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